The words of Jeremiah, the son of Hilkiah, one of the priests who were in Anathoth in the land of Benjamin, to whom the word of the LORD came in the days of Josiah the son of Amon, king of Judah, in the thirteenth year of his reign. It came also in the days of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah, and until the end of the eleventh year of Zedekiah, the son of Josiah, king of Judah, until the captivity of Jerusalem in the fifth month.
Jeremiah is the second of the ‘major’ Prophets after Isaiah. Like Isaiah, he prophesied events which were fulfilled within his lifetime and beyond. Most significantly, Isaiah and Jeremiah prophesied about the coming Messiah and the new covenant this Messiah would usher in. From the opening three verses, which may have been written by Jeremiah, or may have been the result of Ezra’s later editing. These verses help us to date when Jeremiah began his prophetic ministry. His ministry would have begun when he was aged between 15 to 20. He would have begun around the time of the discovery of the Law during the thirteenth year of King Josiah’s reign which was around 629BC. This helps us to reckon his birth year as sometime around 649BC or so. We know that the Babylonians destroyed Jerusalem as Jeremiah had prophesied they would, in 586 BC. This means that Jeremiah ministered around 45 to 50 years. He is particular significant for several reasons-
- Jeremiah is a ‘type’ of Christ (Matthew 16:13-14)
- Jeremiah ‘book-ends’ the prophecies of Moses (Deut. 4:25-28)
- Jeremiah is the last pre-exilic prophet
- Jeremiah’s prophecies help to form the language of the New Testament, particularly New Testament prophecies
The Book of Jeremiah contains insights into nearly every major Biblical doctrine. There are eight major themes which are particularly dealt with in the Book of Jeremiah.
- The Sovereignty of God
- The Word of God
- Hearing The Voice Of God
- The Call Of God
- The Heart Condition Of Man
- The 3 Arms Of God’s Government: The Family, The Church, and The State
- The Purpose of The Law & Covenant
- The Divorce Of Israel
“Behold, I am the LORD, the God of all flesh. Is anything too hard for me?”